A flame and smoke detection system based on vision sensors aimed at early detection of fire incidents for open or closed indoor and outdoor environments. We use simple image and video processing techniques to compute motion and color cues, enabling segmentation of flame and smoke candidates from the background in real time.
We begin with color balancing, then separate smoke and flame detection streams operate on the image. Both streams identify candidate regions based on color information then perform morphological image processing on the candidates. The smoke detection stream then filters candidate regions based on turbulence flow rate analysis, and the flame detection stream filters based on growth and flow rate information.
QuickBlaze does not require any offline training, although manual adjustment of parameters during a calibration phase is required to cater to the particular camera’s depth of view and the surrounding environment.
In an extensive empirical evaluation benchmarking QuickBlaze against commercial fire detection software, we find that it has a better response time, is 2.66 times faster, and better localizes fire incidents. Detection of fire using our real-time video processing approach early on in the burning process holds the potential to decrease the length of the critical period from combustion to human response in the event of a fire.
The name QuickBlaze is not a trademark, but simply the name we have given to our approach and the prototype research software, mainly for ease of reading.
|Seq. No.||Description||Duration (frames)||Frames/Sec||Fire/Smoke|
|M-1||Outdoor Plain Box||2208||24||Fire, Smoke|
|M-2||Multiple Boxes-1||4301||24||Fire, Smoke|
|M-3||Printed Box||5027||24||Fire, Smoke|
|M-4||Multiple Boxes-2||4500||24||Fire, Smoke|
|M-6||Plant Pot||707||15||Fire, Smoke|
|M-7||Chrismas Tree Room||1464||30||Fire|
|M-9||Dark Room Flame||410||24||Fire|
|M-10||Indoor Night 20m Heptane||1657||24||Fire|
|M-11||Outdoor Daytime 10m Gasoline||3490||24||Fire|
|M-12||Outdoor Daytime 10m Heptane||4547||24||Fire|
|M-13||Outdoor Night 10m Gasoline||1207||24||Fire|
|M-14||Outdoor Night 10m Heptane||3274||24||Fire|
|M-15||Hard Paper Flame on Grass||3436||25||Fire, Smoke|
|M-17||Smoke from Car||155||30||Smoke|
|M-18||Behind the Fense||629||10||Smoke|
|M-20||Box on Fire Outdoor (live-test||1160||15||None|
|M-22||Moving Orange Balloon||1183||24||None|
|M-23||Car Lights at Night||155||15||None|
|M-24||Moving Man with Red Jacket||55||24||None|
|M-25||Black and White Cat||87||25||None|
|M-26||Man with White Shirt||223||25||None|
|M-28||Girl Moving with White Shirt||178||15||None|
|M-29||Flame-like Neon Sign||529||24||None|
|M-30||Flame-like CD Cover||587||15||None|
The binaries and source code will be uploaded soon.